The Oxford Jewry in the Thirteenth Century

By the thirteenth century, the Jewry in Oxford had grown into a definite settlement to the south-east of Carfax. On three sides, its boundaries were roughly conterminous with the back of the south side of High Street, Fish Street (St. Aldate’s) and either Little Jewry Lane (Blue Boar Lane) or more probably Great Jewry Lane (Civil School Lane).1 These last were lanes off the east side of Fish Street and opposite to Pennyfarthing Street (Pembroke Street), which, too, contained houses of the Jews. On the east, the Jewry probably ended between what is now Alfred and King Edward Streets, enclosing to the south, part of the present-day Peckwater Quad. The parishes of St. Edward’s and St. Aldate’s met in the centre of the Jewry with St. Martin’s to the north, and St. Frideswyde’s to the south and it was in these parishes that the Jews mainly held land and tenements.

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