The Lesser London Synagogues of the Eighteenth Century

i. The Lesser London Synagogues of the Eighteenth Century.

Shortly after the accession of George III to the English throne, in 1760, the synagogal physiognomy of London Jewry achieved the definitive form which it was to retain for the next hundred years.

In the City area, there were four places of worship. First and foremost was the Spanish and Portuguese synagogue in Bevis Marks, established in 1657 (the actual building, still in use, dates from 1701).1 The Great Synagogue, in Duke’s Place, had been established on its actual site about the year 1690: though the earliest building specifically destined for the purpose went back only to 1722 (it was drastically reconstructed and enlarged in 1767, and again in 1790). The Hambro’ Synagogue was founded as the result of a secessionist movement in 1707, and occupied continuously (until 1892) the structure in Fenchurch Street erected for it in 1725. Finally, the

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Cecil Roth

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