The Family of Mordecai Hamburger and Their Association with Madras.

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It is not perhaps without interest that there is to be found in London at the Hoxton cemetery of the Hambro' Synagogue the grave of a grandson of the celebrated diarist Ghickel of Hamelyn, and that the inscription1 should be in quite a good state of preservation at the present day. The tomb referred to is that of Elchanan Henle Hamburger, otherwise Henry Moses, one of the sons of Marcus Moses (Mordecai Hamburger) the founder of the Hambro' congregation.

Marcus Moses married at Altona in about the year 16992 his second cousin3 Freudchen, a daughter of Ghickel and Chayim Hameln. His bride could scarcely have been more than fourteen4 years old?not an unusual marrying age for that period owing to the insecure conditions prevailing and to the consequent anxiety of parents to see their children provided for. She was "a big girl for her age" however, "and lovely beyond compare."5

Marcus Moses, whose father, Moses b. Loeb, was President of the Hamburg community, was a pious and upright man, and was widely esteemed. Like his parents-in-law, Marcus was a merchant dealing in precious stones. On his marriage he established his home in London, where he took charge of the English business of his firm. Owing to the opposition aroused by the actions of Aberle, the lay head of the existing Ashkenazic community, an attempt was made in 1704 by Abraham Nathan, Sampson Mears, and Marcus Moses to convert Nathan's house in St. Mary Axe into a synagogue. This was frustrated however

1 This refers to the Hebrew. If there was ever an English inscription, and there is ample space, it has disappeared.

2 Calculated from Marvin Lowenthal's translation of The Memoirs of Gl?cket of Hameln (New York, 1932).

3 Ibid., pp. xv, 14, 104, 217, 220, and M. Grunwald's Hamburgs deutsche Juden (Hamburg, 1904), p. 276, No. 2730.

4 Lowenthal, op. cit., p. 212.

5 Loeb Altona, formerly Loeb Hildesheim?see Note 8.

by the intervention of representatives of the Sephardim and of the recognized Ashkenazic community with the Court of Aldermen of the City of London; and the following is the report6 of the proceedings in connection with the matter:-

"Tuesday, 20 March, 1704.

Mr. Abraham Mendez and Mr. Moses Hart now acquainting this Court that Abraham Nathan an Inhabitant in St. Mary Axe Sampson Mears inhabiting in Goodmans Fields and Marcus Moses of White chapel Jews of the German Nation and others were erecting a New Synagogue in Saint Mary Axe aforesaid without permission of this Court. It is ordered that the said Abraham Nathan Sampson Mears and Marcus Moses be summoned to attend this Court upon Thursday next to shew cause why they presume to take upon them to erect a new Place for the Jewish Worship without any authority for the same, and that the said Mr. Mendez and Mr. Hart be present at the same time."

"Thursday, 22 March, 1704.

Upon examination of the Complaint made unto this Court, upon Tuesday last that Abraham Nathan Sampson Moses Marques Moses and others, Jews of the

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