STATUS OF THE JEWS IN ENGLAND AFTER THE RE-SETTLEMENT

The law of nearly every civilised country recognises two forms of status, a political status or national character, in virtue of which an individual becomes a citizen or subject of a particular State, and at once entitled to its protection and liable to the obligations incident to allegiance; and a civil status, in virtue of which he becomes clothed with certain municipal rights and duties. Jews, as such, have no political status at all. They must have national character, and they may have muni? cipal status, the extent of their rights and duties as nationals depending on the municipal law. There is, I believe, only one exception in the civilised world to this legal principle, and that is in Roumania, where by an anomaly which has been severely criticised by the eminent Jurist, Bluntschli, the Jews are perpetual aliens, without being nationals of any other country.1

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