Solomon ben Joseph Buzaglo

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Abrahams' MS. No. XII, now in the custody of the Spanish and Portuguese Community at Bevis Marks, is a volume of Collectanea, mostly North African and written in various Maghribine hands of the late eighteenth century. In this manu? script are various items relating to historical events, books, and persons in Morocco. There is a statement concerning certain Jews who were treasury officials and army contractors in the service of the Sultan of Morocco. Another piece describes a period of drought and the fasts and prayers that were organized in consequence. In examining folios 63 to 69 somewhat cursorily, I noticed the names India, which always arouses my attention, Isaac Nieto, and Buzaglo. These three were enough to induce me to undertake a more detailed investigation and this paper is the result.

In April, 1913, Dr. Charles Duschinsky read to the Society an interesting paper 2 on Jacob Kimchi and Shalom Buzaglo. The main facts about Shalom Buzaglo there recorded were that he was a scholar of repute, the author of a number of Kabbalistic works. He was born in Morocco at the beginning of the eighteenth century and was a pupil of Abraham Azulai. He says, in the preface to his book KissT Melekh, that he was twice rescued from death by fire by the Sultan and his general?if this be the meaning of the words fcCSS IST) '"POO OTSJJBO ?KO ^SIQ I^TH?and he signs himself ^HDpH which possibly implies that he held rabbinical office. Dr. Duschinsky was of opinion that he was a Dayan. He is subsequently heard of in Amsterdam where the KissT Melekh was published in 1769 and in London, where three years previously, in 1766, he was a contemporary of a dispute about Shechitah. In another controversy of the day he was more actively concerned. He pronounced himself in favour of vaccination but disputed that Jenner discovered it. I deem it necessary to draw attention to the approbations which he received from Chief Rabbi Saul of Amsterdam and from Rabbi Israel Meshullam Zalman, of the Hambro Synagogue. In view of what I shall have to say later, it is desirable to note that in 1769 Shalom Buzaglo was on good terms with these authorities. He died, not in 1780 as stated in the Jewish Encyclopedia, but in 1777. His will was proved on 25th August of that year. According to the record of the graves in the Beth Ahaim Novo, he died on the same day, 22nd Ab, 5537.

The incident that Dr. Duschinsky described was yet another controversy in which Buzaglo was involved and an account of this controversy was published by him in two now very rare pamphlets, which Dr. Duschinsky reprinted. In 1768 Rabbi Saul of Amsterdam sent to London a decree of divorce which his Rabbinical Court at Amsterdam had pronounced. The Get was to be delivered by the London Court to the divorced wife, Rebeccah, daughter of Judah. The Ashkenazi rabbi refused to perform the ceremony, on several grounds. No doubt he

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