Isaac Leonini Azulay

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"In Memory of Signor Yitzhak Leonini Azulay, M.A. 22 years Professor Regius to the Institute of Noble Cadets in Berlin, Tutor to H.R.H. Princess Royal of Prussia Member of several Learned Societies, etc., etc. Born at Leghorn, 2nd day of Succoth Died 16th day of Tamus, 17th July, 1840 and his last words were Also Bella, Relict of the above Died 9th day of Ab 5628, 28th July, 1868."

[The substance of this paper was read to the Society on 13th March 1957, in a preliminary form. It originated entirely in the reminiscences which the distinguished music teacher, Miss Gertrude Azulay, now in her eighties, had gathered together concerning her great-grandfather, the subject of the paper. These reminiscences reposed almost wholly on family oral tradition, and it seemed most regrettable that they might be lost. But it was obvious that, before they were published, more research should be undertaken along the lines to which they pointed. Miss Azulay suggested getting into touch with Mr. A. Schischa, a learned Hebraist, of Letchworth, who had acquired certain letters of Hacham Hida which were formerly in her possession. Dr. J. Jacobson, former archivist of the Gesamtarchiv der Deutschen Juden, also kindly assisted our researches in German records. From this arose the present happy collaboration. (R.D.B.) ]

[The substance of this paper was read to the Society on 13th March 1957, in a preliminary form. It originated entirely in the reminiscences which the distinguished music teacher, Miss Gertrude Azulay, now in her eighties, had gathered together concerning her great-grandfather, the subject of the paper. These reminiscences reposed almost wholly on family oral tradition, and it seemed most regrettable that they might be lost. But it was obvious that, before they were published, more research should be undertaken along the lines to which they pointed. Miss Azulay suggested getting into touch with Mr. A. Schischa, a learned Hebraist, of Letchworth, who had acquired certain letters of Hacham Hida which were formerly in her possession. Dr. J. Jacobson, former archivist of the Gesamtarchiv der Deutschen Juden, also kindly assisted our researches in German records. From this arose the present happy collaboration. (R.D.B.) ]

1 Brief accounts of Isaac Leonini Azulay appeared in The Jewish World for the 5th November 1880 and 19th May 1907, p. 9, the latter by Lucien Wolf, with a reproduction of the pastel portrait of him {see Catalogue of Anglo-Jewish Art and History, Victoria and Albert Museum, 1956, item 322, and our plate I). Further information on the family in the Jewish Encyclo? paedia, requires modification ; a forthcoming work in Hebrew on Hacham Hida Azulay and his descendants, by Dr. Meir Benayahu of Jerusalem is also announced.

Bibliography : H. Hayim Joseph David Azulay :

(a) Ma(gal Tob Ha-Shalem edited from the Author's Autograph MS. by Prof. Aron Freimann, Mekitze Nirdamim Society, Berlin?Jerusalem 1921-34, referred to as Diary.

(b) Igroth Harab Hayyim Joseph David Azulay edited by Dr. H. Rosenberg, Hatzofe (Budapest) Vol. xi, part iv, pp. 241-318, referred to as Rosenberg No.

(c) Autograph letters formerly in

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