Extracts from the Close Rolls, 1289—1368

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the intimate correspondence summarised above, the only two occasions on which Mrs. Davis saw Dickens were at public readings by the novelist.

Iskael Solomons.

March 1915.

4 Extracts from the Close Rolls, 1289-1368.

4 Extracts from the Close Rolls, 1289-1368.

We start within measurable distance of the Expulsion of the Jews, and we soon encounter allusions to that momentous event. Public pro? clamations are recorded, e.g. under date July 18th, 1290; private exiles are alluded to, see Aug. 25th; whilst the so-called Statute of Jewry, passed fifteen years before, is quoted, on Nov. 5th. [Mr. Rigg's reprint of this in his Select Gases (pp. xl-xlii) may be referred to, with his note on the word " curialitas " in his glossary.] Under July 15th, 1293, there is an interesting echo of the punishment deservedly inflicted on certain cruel shipmen at the time of the Expulsion.

One of the exiles, to whom a private safe-conduct was accorded, was Aaron son of Vives, who had been assigned by a charter of Henry III (confirmed by Edward I) to Edmund, earl of Lancaster. Several references are made, in the Close Rolls extracts, to this import? ant Jew, many details of whose life are collected in Studies in Anglo Jeiuish History (see Index).

Another prominent Jew, to whom a private exeat was granted, and who is also spoken of as " Judseus noster NTorthampt.," was Moses son of Jacob.

Although this Israelite is here and on some other occasions con? nected with Northampton, his chief residence was at Oxford, as may be noted in the long extract about that city under date April 20th, 1297, where however, strange to say, he is described as " of London." This

variation illustrates the wide operations of some of the influential Jews. This same Oxford extract gives a number of interesting names, e.g. Benedict de la Corner, who appears in the Hundred Rolls as Benedict son of Meyr; Bonefey son of Lumbard of Cricklade, to whose imprison? ment "for trespass of the Forest" reference is made in another extract (June 14th, 1290); Sarah wife of Benedict Levesque (or Episcopus); &c. Some of the names as written show the difficulty which the Latin scribes experienced in recording the Hebrew appellations. It may be mentioned that the modern editors need not have inserted the word "Mossei" in two or three instances, as they are simply dealing with the genitive of Mosseus.

There are also several extracts referring to the sister university town,; for Canterbury, under June 28th, 1307, is undoubtedly a mistake for Cambridge?the heir of Saulotus there mentioned being a young Jew who was allowed to reside at Chesterton when his co-religionists were banished from her dower town by Queen Eleanor of Provence. It is curious to notice, under date June 14th, 1290, that the family of John le Moyne of Shelford, another suburb of Cambridge, had had financial and other dealings with the Jews throughout the thirteenth century.

There is a most interesting request recorded on Dec. 10th, 1309, where the Duke

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