Dr Joseph Hart Myers (1758-1823) and his family: public prominence and private losses

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I first introduced Joseph Hart Myers to this audience in my Presidential lecture of 2005 1 noting him as the dedicatee of Haim Bolaffey's "Hebrew Grammar" of 1820.2 He features in the bibliography of Anglo-Jewish medi- cine3 and his career, prominent in the annals of the Medical Society of London, has been noticed in a recent history of that Society,4 as I shall hope to enlarge upon below. Fifty years ago Myers was presented by A. Levy as a precursor of Scottish Jewry5 and Kenneth Collins more recently recorded him in some detail,6 with reference to his graduation in 1779 and notice of his attestation of some students at Aberdeen down to 1817.7 There is an entry for Myers and his father in the Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History 8 and indeed I began to broaden this account of Myers through a study of his daughter Maria Clarke, "The Lady of Longueville Clarke", in a paper pub- lished in 2009, 9 and of his father Naphtali Hart Myers in 20 1 1 . 10 1 have made

1 S. W. Massil, "T wo Hebrew Grammar Books and the Enlightenment", Jewish Historical Studies: Transactions of the Jewish Historical Society of England 41 (2004-06, 2007): 99-143.

2 H. V. Bolaffey, An easy grammar of the primoeval language , commonly called Hebrew , entitled [ Or ah miyshor] or , the "straight path "to real knowledge, fully exemplified by instructive and elegant extracts. . . . Also , to render it complete , an appendix , showing how to read Hebrew works With notes , philo- logical and illustrative. . . . (London: printed for Hatchard; and G. & W. B. Whittaker, 1820). With a list of subscribers.

3 R. P. Goldschmidt-Lehmann, A Bibliography of Anglo- Jewish Medical Biography (Jerusalem, 1988).

4 Penelope Hunting, The Medical Society of London , 1773-2003 (London, 2003), 56, 66, 76 and 83.

5 A. Levy, "The Origins of Scottish Jewry", Jewish Historical Studies: Transactions of the Jewish Historical Society of England 1955-59 19(1960): 138-39.

6 Kenneth E. Collins, 'Jewish Medical Students and Graduates in Scotland, 1739-1862', ibid. 1982-86 29 (1988): 87; Kenneth E. Collins, Go and Learn: The International Story of Jews and Medicine in Scotland (Aberdeen, 1988), 43-47 and 173-74.

7 Collins, "Jewish Medical Students", 79 and 86.

8 The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History , ed. William D. Rubinstein with Michael A. Jolies and Hilary L. Rubinstein (Basingstoke, 201 1), 707.

9 S. W. Massil, "'The Lady of Longueville Clarke': Maria Hart Myers (1794-1868) and her Family", Jewish Historical Studies: Transactions of the Jewish Historical Society of England 42 (2007-09, 2009): 53-73.

10 Stephen Massil, "Naphtali Hart Myers (1711-1788): New Yorker and Londoner", ibid. 43 (201 1 ): 97-124.

a specific point of reviewing Myers's studies in Edinburgh and the fate of his doctoral dissertation "De Diabete "of 1779 in papers for the University of Edinburgh Journal.11 My whole endeavour has been to trace the Hart Myers family at once at the heart of the Anglo-Jewish scene of the late Hanoverian and Regency era and also

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