CALENDARS OF THE COACHING DAYS.

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have to introduce to the notice of the Society a series of pocket calendars, printed partly in Yiddish and partly in Hebrew, and

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published in London at Alexander's printing works. The earliest copy I have inspected is dated 1772; the British Museum does not appear to possess any specimen. The chief interest of these Almanacs, which were the predecessors of modern publications of a similar character that have long been familiar to the Jewish public, is the varied information they convey in the quaintest of jargons; but chiefly the particulars of the times at which the coaches in those days used to start, the places whence they set out, and the fares to their different destinations.

The portion of these little volumes devoted to a calendar proper is sufficiently interesting to warrant a hasty glance over its pages before turning to the later section dealing with the coaches. The Jewish Festivals and Church Holidays are all recorded with both completeness and impartiality. For instance, on the first page of the Calendar for 1772 we find noted T?D the Atonement Fast, fDIDI D*P, the first Day of Tabernacles, as well as or Holy Cross Day, and pnDND for St. Matthew's Day. Against the 22nd of September we find the words ^h'OTi 1TO, that being the anniversary of the Coronation of George III. At the bottom of the page there is information as to the time of the New Moon, and a sentence on the lines of " Old Moore." It reads THK JpntD ihn BPK tmn W7 *TOyVl ?u This month is half dry and wet weather," a fairly safe prognostication. The weather prophecies are given for almost every month of the year:-

Shebat does not seem to have any weather at all.

Adar and Adar Sheni are to be " Kalt und trocken."

Nisan is also weatherless.

Iyar is to be " Halb trocken und halb Feuchtigkeit."

In Sivan the weather improves to " Heiss und trocken."

In Tamus it is " Sehr Heiss und trocken."

In Av it is " Sehr warm und trocken."

In Ellul it is " Halb trocken und Wind."

It may perhaps be unfair to term these weather notes prophecies. They may merely be statements as to the general weather of the various months in average years.

The general holidays and noteworthy events are equally interesting. We meet with DWlpn ^3 for All Saints' Day. The fifth of November we are reminded is the anniversary of pjntD "HIB pj (Gun-powder Treason). And the ninth of the same month is " Lord Mayor's Tag." Other entries are " Paulus Bekehrung," the Conver? sion of St. Paul; "Prinz Wales Geburtstag" for the Prince of Wales's Birthday; pjlta for the Fire of London. Each page contains some extra historical details. For instance, we are told that the first of Kislev is the day on which Jehoiakim burnt the Scroll written by Baruch from the mouth of Jeremiah. "And some say it is on the fifth, and some say it is on

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