Some years ago, while drawing up a calendar of leading cases of Jewish interest decided in the American courts of justice for the Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, I chanced upon several decisions in English law reports which, while of considerable and indeed of leading importance for English Jews, are not included in the annual list published in The Jeicish Year-Booh.

The first of these is the ancient case of Franks v. Martin, 1 Eden, 309, for which my best thanks, moreover, are due to Mr. Matthias Levy, of London. This dates from May, 1759, and was a bill in equity for an accounting of the estate of Moses Hart, the brother of Rabbi Aaron Hart, both of whom were among the pioneers of the German Jewish community in England. The bill prayed for a distribution of the estate in accordance with the terms of a marriage settlement,

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