A Jewish Family in Oxford in the 13th Century.

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SYNOPSIS.

David of Lincoln, of Oxford, of London.

[Various towns where Jews dwelt. Travelling from town to town.]

Property in Oxford. " Dura manu"

Talliator, Assessor. M.P. (1241).

Divorce affairs. Muriel. Masters of Law. Intercourse with France.

His death, 1244.

Licoricia his second wife.

[Jewish women as financiers (a) in their husbands' life-time, (b) as widows.]

The Property.

The King's share. Westminster Abbey.

Children of David, and of Licorice.

Licoricia at Winchester.

Her sons: Benedict. His official positions. His family. His execution.

Cockerell. Hebrew book.

Lumbard.

Their sons : Sweteman. At Marlborough. Asher. Oxford.

The Expulsion.

This paper is entitled " A Jewish Family in Oxford in the Thirteenth Century " ; but it must not be forgotten that at that period the head of a family at any rate was compelled by the limitations of Jewish occupations frequently to travel from place to place, and that other members of the family had often to migrate to some other centre.

So, in this case, although the leading Jew with whom we shall
deal was known as "David of Oxford," yet on occasion he is also spoken of as " David of Lincoln " or " David of London "when he was engaged in those cities ; and again, in dealing with the members of his family,w e shall findo ne son, Benedict, described as ofW inchester, another, Lumbard of Basingstoke ; a third, Sweteman ofM arlborough ;
while the youngest, Asher, continued at Oxford and there abode in his (inland) breaches.

This subject?of the connection of Jews with different towns is one about which (as I have said before) I should like to hear some member of our Society read a paper : it would throw much light upon the commercial, as well as upon the family, relationships of the preExpulsion Jews.

Again, the subject of the travels of the Jews from place to place should engage the attention of some student. It will be remembered how picturesquely Sir Walter Scott describes the journeyings of Isaac of York in Ivanhoe. With the aid of Mr. Bigg's Exchequer volumes,vivid details of these wanderings might be given with more accuracy, and with not less interest, than in the pages of the novelist.

Let me take an example : In the last year of the lengthened reign of King Henry III (1272) an Oxford Jew summoned one Ralph Le Walle to come to answer him touching a plea of unlawful detinue of chattels, whereof he complains that the said Ralph unlawfully detains against him a bowl of mazer-wood with a silver rim, but without foot, value ^ mark, which he delivered to Ralph by way of pledge for a horse which he hired from him, &c. The said Ralph comes and defends the force, &c, and says that the said

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