A Jewish contribution to British psychiatry: Edward Mapother, Aubrey Lewis and their Jewish and refugee colleagues at the Bethlem and Maudsley Hospital and Institute of Psychiatry, 1933-66

Psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, psychology and psychiatry are related and overlapping but distinct disciplines. Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, the ‘talking therapies’, have their roots in the work of Sigmund Freud, but many sub-types and schools developed during the twentieth century. Psychology derives from the study of the normal mind. Psychiatry is a branch of medicine, a career path for medically trained doctors with an interest in mental illness, some of whom choose to specialize in psychotherapy.

The contributions of Jewish people to the development of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy are well known, beginning with the work of Freud. The important contributions of psychiatrists of Jewish origin to the develop? ment of mainstream psychiatry in Britain in the middle of the twentieth century are less well recognized. Their work hinged on the ideals of two professors of psychiatry, Edward Mapother and Aubrey Lewis. They were determined to create at the Maudsley Hospital in Denmark Hill,

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