A DUTCH BURIAL-GROUND AND ITS ENGLISH CONNECTIONS

DISUSED PORTUGUESE CEMETERY, MIDDELBURG, 1911, BEFORE RESTORATION

DISUSED PORTUGUESE CEMETERY, MIDDELBURG, RAILED IN AFTER RESTORATION, 1912

When Jews were driven out or escaped from the Iberian Peninsula towards the end of the fifteenth century, one of the countries to which the refugees, in course of time, made their way was Holland. Not at once could they migrate there, for the Netherlands in the fifteenth century were an appanage of Spain, and it was not long before the Inquisition established itself on Dutch soil. Then came the revolt of the Netherlands from Spanish domination, the downfall of Spain, and the rise of Holland to maritime and commercial supremacy. This was the opportunity of which Jews availed themselves to secure a home in the Northern Republic. Joseph Nassi, created Duke of Naxos by the Sultan of Turkey, had rendered valuable services to William of Orange, in return for which the Stadtholder showed

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