A collection of Anglo-Jewish ephemera

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I have recently acquired a folio volume, measuring 35 X 21 cm, into which are bound 19 items almost entirely of Anglo-Jewish interest. Their dates, where recorded, range from 23 April 1789 (27 Nissan 5549) to 24 August 1847 (12 Ellul 5607). Of these documents, 7 are in Hebrew, 9 in Hebrew and English, 2 in English only, and I in Yiddish. Three are in manuscript. They total 40 pages. Those in English, and the English sections of the bilingual ones, are discussed here in some detail; the others are only briefly recorded, having been discussed by me in Sinai CIX (Jerusalem 1992) 273-86. The material is presented in chronological order, rather than the haphazard sequence in which it appears in the collection.

I This item (see fig. 1) is unattested elsewhere. Although undated, it is printed on the same type of paper as that which follows it, which is dated 1789. The single quarto page bears the Royal Coat of Arms at its head, a feature I have not encountered elsewhere in documents of this nature. Its Hebrew text, like the following item of which it is a variant, is a prayer of thanks for the recovery of George III from a serious illness.

2 I have found no record of this Hebrew-and-English item elsewhere (see figs 2 and 3), but there are parallels. One is an Order of Service for the Great Synagogue (sic) in Church Row, Fenchurch Street, of the same date; a second is a Thanksgiving Prayer read in the Great Synagogue (sic) in Leadenhall Street, by the Revd Moses Myers. See C. Roth, History of the Great Synagogue (London 1950) 2 1 2-1 3; idem, Magna BibliothecaAnglo-Jua’aica (London 1937) [hereafter MBAJ] 313: 10, 11; Trans JHSE IX (1922) 125.

3 There is no reference to this elegy (see fig. 4), printed on a quarto page, in the chapter devoted to Rabbi Tevele Schiff in C. Duschinsky, The Rabbinate of the Great Synagogue, London, from 1756-1842 (London 1921) 74-1 12. There are also discrepancies in the dates: here the date of death is given as Sunday evening, 18 December 1791, while according to Duschinsky (p. 111) he died on 23 Kislev (17 December), which was a Saturday. In note 1 18 he surmises that he was buried on the same day. If the Hebrew date is correct, as is apparently the case, it corresponds with 19 December, not I7 December as stated by Duschinsky. Moreover, on p. 1 12, in a reconstructed text of a leaflet dated Tuesday 24 Kislev 1791, he writes that Rabbi Tevele died on Monday 23 Kislev, and was buried on 24 Kislev 55 52. Since in Appendix VIII, pp. 260-1, he transcribes two letters dated Tuesday 24 Kislev 5552, it may be concluded that Rabbi Tevele died during the night of Sunday 18 December, corresponding in the Jewish calendar to the next day, 23 Kislev 5552. He was probably buried during Monday 23 Kislev, 19 December 1791.

4 A small folio manuscript page, written in

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